Also known as Acute Moist Dermatitis or Moist Eczema, Hot Spots can seemingly appear spontaneously anywhere on a dogs body and the area involved can rapidly spread.
This raw, unsightly skin disorder has a variety of causes but the most consistent factor is a bacterial infection. There are a number of kinds of bacteria that can be cultured from a hot spot and fortunately most respond to oral and topical antibiotics. Anything that irritates or breaks the skin can create the right environment for bacterial contamination if the skin surface is wet.
Typical locations for “hot spots” are the side of the face, the flank areas and the base of the tail. Some breeds like the Golden retriever and young dogs seem to be predisposed, while they are seldom, if ever, found in cats.
The body’s first response is either to itch or become inflamed. The itching then causes the dog to lick or chew the area, which further damages the skin, and creates a cycle of itching, scratching and chewing. If left to develop the infection goes into the deep layers of the skin.
If your dog is having reoccuring hot spots it is suggested that you begin to address the high possibility of food allergies in your pet. Since nutrition is vital, addressing the root of the problem will give you a cure to these hot spots, and for pet allergies.
Hot spots also tend to occur most often in the summer months, and dogs with matted, dirty coats are at greater risk of developing them.
Although I do not recommend it, some owners keep their long haired dogs shaved in the summer, which helps prevent the thick coat from covering any dampness on the surface of the skin.
Regular grooming enables swift intervention if a hot spot is developing; often they will simply get worse and worse until treated so veterinary help is advisable. A hot spot that is left untreated may turn into a lick granuloma, which can be difficult to get rid of.
Hot spots develop as a result of bacterial infection. The environment, especially if it offers conditions favorable the growth of the bacteria can play a big part. Grooming, behavioral issues and allergies can also play a role in whether hot spots will develop.
According to Dr. Andrew Jones, DVM, hot spots, or Acute Moist Dermatitis,
are on the rise with more and more dogs, cats and various other species of pets needing help with hot spots. Dr. Jones verifies that the most common cause of recurring hot spots is allergies. Weeding out the cause of the allergy can often take some time leaving behind the problem of hot spots. In the field of pet natural health care, this new natural remedy just may do the trick.
Other than irritation, mats might also result in your dogs to suffer from hot spots and various other skin infections. So when you do discover certain mats in your doggie’s coat it is really strongly recommended you fix it with a slicker brush quickly.